As we age, our risk of having a stroke increases. Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability among senior citizens, but if we are aware of stroke risk factors and take the necessary precautions, we can help reduce our chances of experiencing a stroke. Here are 10 ways to make sure that you keep your body healthy and reduce the risk of stroke:

1. Know your risk

Knowing your risk and family history of stroke is essential in preventing it. Talk to your doctor to find out if you are at a higher risk due to factors such as age, gender, or ethnic background. Always follow your doctor’s orders for any medications prescribed to help manage your stroke risk factors.

2. Get regular exercise and stay active

Exercise can help keep your blood vessels healthy and reduce the risk of stroke. Staying active also helps prevent stroke by keeping your blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels under control. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity each day.

3. Eat a healthy diet

Eating a balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help prevent stroke. These foods are rich in fiber and antioxidants which can help protect against stroke. Limit foods that are high in salt, saturated fat, and cholesterol. Eating healthy foods will also help you to maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight is linked to an increased risk of stroke.

4. Avoid tobacco

Quitting smoking is the most important prevention measure you can take to prevent a stroke. Smoking, or even chewing tobacco puts you at an increased risk of stroke, so if you are a smoker, try to quit. Also, be sure to avoid secondhand smoke.

5. Manage your stress levels

Stress can lead to increased blood pressure and unhealthy behaviors such as overeating or smoking, so it’s important to find ways to manage your stress levels. Monitor your stress levels closely and use relaxation techniques such as deep breathing to help manage stress.

6. Get plenty of sleep

Poor quality or insufficient sleep can increase your risk of stroke. Talk to your physician if you have trouble sleeping.

7. Control high blood pressure

High blood pressure can damage blood vessels, increasing the risk of stroke.  Monitor your blood pressure regularly and talk to your physician about medications or lifestyle changes needed to keep it in check. Attend regular check-ups with your doctor and aim to keep your blood pressure below 140/90.

8. Monitor your cholesterol

High cholesterol is a risk factor for stroke. Talk to your physician about a cholesterol screening and make any necessary lifestyle changes. Keeping an eye on your HDL (good) and LDL (bad) cholesterol levels can reduce your risk.

9. Limit alcohol

Heavy drinking is linked to an increased risk of stroke, so it’s important to keep consumption of alcohol to no more than one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men. Excessive drinking can also lead to high blood pressure, which is also a risk factor for stroke.

10. Seek regular medical advice

Have your primary care provider review your medications, lifestyle habits, and current health status on a regular basis. Talk to your doctor if you are having any stroke warning signs or symptoms.


By taking preventive measures and being aware of stroke risk factors, elderly people can reduce their chances of having a stroke. If you have any questions or concerns, be sure to talk to your doctor and take action early on to reduce your risk of having a stroke.